A vast underground city was discovered in Turkey!

A massive underground city built by persecuted Jews and Christians in Imperial Rome has been found in Turkey.

The ancient city, which covered 74 acres, is thought to have been populated as early as the first century, housing 70,000 people and serving as a synagogue.

In 2020, while restoring surrounding homes in the town of Midyat in southeast Turkey, workers discovered what appeared to be a small cave. Due to the city’s abundance of historic stone buildings, Midyat is frequently referred to as an outdoor museum.

Initial investigations revealed that it was a network of halls, silos, chambers, and even places of worship rather than a cave.

Only 5% of the overall area has been excavated; this portion has been given the Assyrian name “Matiate”. Which means “homeland,” according to Gani Tarkan, director of the Mardin Museum in Midyat.

A vast underground city was discovered in Turkey!
A vast underground city was discovered in Turkey!

There have been dozens of grain, olive oil, wine, and other food storage silos built within that 5%. Coins, candles, winemaking, olive oil-making equipment. And signs that the region had once been utilized as catacombs—possibly during the Byzantine era—have all been discovered as artifacts.

Archaeologists discovered the Star of David carved into the wall of one chamber’s vaulted stone ceiling. Along with other carvings that included human figures nearby.

According to Tarkan, it may be the largest underground city in all of Turkey. Even after it ceased to be a settlement, it continued to function as a winemaking facility and a cemetery.

With the national government, Midyat and the Mardin Museum want to complete the city’s archaeological work. And make it one of the area’s many tourist destinations with a rich archaeological history.

With the help of the TRT World News video below, explore the city.

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